The Oakley Diode Superladder Variable Slope VCF

Constructional difficulty: 1U version - moderate. 3U version - complex.


This is the 1U wide 'Filter Core' version of the Diode SuperLadder. One would normally use this module in conjunction with external mixers for maximum control.

This latest version of the classic Oakley Superladder has been re-designed from the ground up to sound good using diodes.

The circuit is considerably different from all previous designs and has its own tonal characteristics I think you will love. It now features a new switch to select the maximum number of diode rungs in the ladder. You can now chose between four and five pole filtering - with the five pole mode giving a steeper roll off and smoother tone.

The Diode Superladder VCF features both voltage control over frequency and resonance. Unique to any diode ladder filter is has a variable shape output. This incorporates a feature first seen on the Oakley Orbital prototypes. A single pot allows you to vary the output from one (or two) pole low pass to four (or five) pole low pass via band pass in the middle.

The Diode Superladder's output is what we call 'Q compensated'. This means that the output volume will not drop significantly when you turn up the resonance pot. This design uses two inbuilt VCAs to achieve voltage controlled resonance without the hassle. At high levels of resonance the Diode Superladder will self-oscillate across most of the audio band and thus can be used as a sinewave voltage controlled oscillator.

The filter core uses transistors wired as diodes which means it does not clip the signal abruptly but saturates smoothly. This allows the Diode Superladder to sound very different depending on the input signal level. When used with signals below 2V peak the Superladder will sound clean and bright. However, take your signal levels above 2V peak and it will start to take on a more strident tone particularly at higher levels of resonance. Coupled with the variable slope control, this sensitivity to input level means the Diode Superladder can produce a wonderful array of different tones.

For the classic transistor ladder sound please have a look at the Oakley Transistor Superladder.

The voltage controlled filter, or VCF, may be built as a 1U filter core or as a complete 3U filter system. The 1U 'Filter Core' format is our way of handling filter modules. Although the 1U module can be used as a filter module on its own, it is expected that users will make use of external mixers to control CV and audio levels going into the filter. In this way, you will be able to have a collection of space saving 1U filter cores that can be used with any generic mixer module. The Oakley Multimix is an ideal choice for a handy mixer module.

Power (+/-15V) is provided to the board either by our standard Oakley 4-way header or Synthesizers.com header. Current consumption is approximately 35mA per rail.

The PCB is 10.6cm (deep) x 14.3cm (height). The frequency, resonance, resonance CV depth and shape pots are normally board mounted for easier construction.

As with all Oakley projects the PCB is double sided with through plated holes, has solder mask both sides, and has component legending for ease of construction.

This is the suggested panel design for the 3U version of the Diode Superladder. This is a fully featured filter module that includes inbuilt CV and audio mixer sections.


Sound Samples

You can hear what the Diode Superladder can sound like by visiting our Soundcloud webpage:

Soundcloud.com/takla-makan/sets/oakley-modular/

You'll get better sound quality if you download the audio files rather than listening to Soundcloud's realtime streaming service.


The Diode Superladder as a single width MOTM format module in a natural finish Schaeffer panel. In this particular unit I have chosen not to bring the 'four/five stage' switch out to the front. Instead the final number of stages is simply selected by a removable jumper. Note also the use of the optional Sock4 socket board to help keep the wiring to the sockets neat and tidy.


Prices

Click here for how to order.

Diode Superladder PCB issue 2 .................... 20GBP

Sock 4 issue 1 PCB .......................................... 5GBP
Diode Superladder pot bracket kit .................. 0.75GBP

1K +3000ppm/K temp co resistor ................... 1.50GBP

The optional Pot Bracket Kit contains the three 16mm Alpha pot brackets required to complete one module.

All other parts can be purchased from you usual electronic component supplier.

Diode Superladder ready made modules in MU format are available from Krisp1.com.

All prices include VAT at UK rates. Shipping and postage is additional to these prices. See also the FAQ page.


Downloads

Diode Superladder issue 2 Builder's Guide

Diode Superladder User Manual

Construction Guide Our handy guide to building Oakley DIY projects

Parts Guide Our handy guide to buying parts for Oakley DIY projects.

Links to schematics are available to purchasers of the PCB or module and will be sent via e-mail when the board(s) are shipped.

Use 'save as...' button to download and view the files. IE users need to right hand mouse click and then choose 'save as'.

Front Panel database

A Schaeffer front panel can be made for this module. The database can be found by downloading the following link:

5U format 1U wide (Filter Core) module in traditional black

5U format 3U wide (Full Version) module in traditional black

To read these files you will need a copy of 'Frontplatten designer' from Schaeffer. The program also features on-line ordering, so its now even easier to buy your panels from Scheaffer.

The company are based in Berlin in Germany and will send out panels to anywhere in the world. Delivery to the UK normally takes around ten days. For North American users you can also order your Schaeffer panels from Front Panel Express.


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Copyright: Tony Allgood.
Last revised: January 17, 2014.